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Wednesday, September 7, 2016

How the Origin Myth of the Hadza Explains Evolution

"The Hadza's oral history of their own past is divided into four epochs, each inhabited by a different culture. According to this tradition, in the beginning of time, the world was inhabited by hairy giants called the Akakaanebe or Gelanebe, "ancestors". The Akakaanebe did not possess tools or fire; they hunted game by staring at it and it fell dead; they ate the meat raw. They did not build houses but slept under trees, as the Hadza do today in the dry season. In older versions of this story, fire was not used because it was physically impossible in the earth's primeval state, while younger Hadza, who have been to school, say that the Akakaanebe simply did not know how. 
In the second epoch, the Akakaanebe were succeeded by the Tlaatlanebe, equally gigantic but without hair. Fire could be made and used to cook meat, but animals had grown more wary of humans and had to be chased and hunted with dogs. The Tlaatlanebe were the first people to use medicines and charms to protect themselves from enemies and initiated the epeme rite. They lived in caves. 
The third epoch was inhabited by the Hamakwabe "nowadays", who were smaller than their predecessors. They invented bows and arrows, and containers for cooking, and mastered the use of fire. They also built houses like those of Hadza today. The Hamakwabe were the first of the Hadza's ancestors to have contact with non-foraging people, with whom they traded for iron to make knives and arrowheads. The Hamakwabe also invented the gambling game lukuchuko. 
The fourth epoch continues today and is inhabited by the Hamaishonebe, "modern". When discussing the Hamaishonebe epoch, people often mention specific names and places, and can approximately say how many generations ago events occurred."[15] 

The Hadza received introgression from a hominid that split off from our lineage 1.2-1.3 million years ago. 
The last sweep of hairlessness (dark skin genes) occurred in Africa 1.2 million years ago. 
1.3 Million year old introgression = hairy ergaster, hairy giants without fire 

The Hadza's are "little people" dominated by Y Hap A and therefore closest to "Former Y Adam" (160k old A not 270k+ year old A00). Neighbor tribes of little people, and possibly the Hadza, also have 700k introgression. 
700K introgression = Kabwe/ Bodo Archaic Homo Sapiens and the spread of Levaloise into Africa. 
700K Introgression = African "heidelbergs," hairless giants with fire 

160K- Age of Hadza's A lineage, earliest date of proto-Microliths in Africa (Aterian culture, bows and arrows, first fossils of Archaic Homo Sapiens Sapiens in Africa). 

Homo Ergaster and Homo Heidelbergensis in Africa are both extremely tall. Ergaster has been said to average 6'1 and some populations of "Archaic Homo Sapiens" reached 7' on average. 

Archaic Homo Sapiens Sapiens, on the other hand, are all much shorter. 

Mbo people (270k old Y Hap 270k) are average global height (5'8 - 5'10) or taller, whereas all groups dominated by Y Haplogroup A (not A00) are well below global average (5 foot to 5'4). 

The only other populations worldwide who exibit 5' to 5'4 average in males are those dominated by Y hap C or D or which contain basal Y Hap C. 

Y hap D dominate Andaman Islanders have similar 600k Introgression. 
Proto-microliths and 5' tall robust archaic Homo Sapiens Sapiens appear in Northern India 150k ago alongside larger bodied Levaloise using Archaic Homo Sapiens who have been there since 600k years BP. 

The 150K old 5' tall Archaic Homo Sapiens Sapiens has a shoulder bone almost identical to Andamanese islanders. Other than being robust they are anatomically modern, as all early anatomically modern people were. The difference between Anatomically modern and Archaic Homo Sapiens Sapiens in this case, and in most cases, is in the features of the face and skull. 

Anatomically Modern Homo Sapiens Sapiens appears in NE Africa around 120k ago and is in Israel and China and much of North and east Africa by 116k to 96K ago. 

These beautiful facial traits, and especially the chin, spread through many populations. I don't think this spread marks migration as much as admixture, because it takes a long time to spread and is still absent in many populations as late as 10k ago. 
It also spread to neanderthals, as 40k to 70k southern neanderthals also display a chin. 


Anatomically Modern Homo Sapiens Sapiens likely arose from admixture between various Y Haplogroup A (160K) people who used bows and arows and were around 5' tall, an advanced group of Archaic Homo Sapiens (Idaltu?) who were mostly Y haplogroup A, and a possible third group that comprised the genome of mt DNA Haplogroup LM3) 
The latter two probably used the lavaloise technique and hunted big game with spears. A00 and LM3 are the same age (270k - 350K branching point) which would mean that they left our genome around that time and mated with the "African heidelbergs." and then rejoined us at a later date. 
After admicture, the Hss techniques mixed with "heidelberg" technigues and began to form one of the two roots of the "Upper Paleolithic" in Western Eurasia. 
The chin and other facial features spread through all three or more populations that had admixed to create them, because it looked smokin' hot. 

Microlithic cultures are the trademark of the pygmies who took over Africa, the Middle East, and Northern India. they were the first Homo Sapiens Sapiens. Some of them became Anatomically Modern by mixing with at least one other group. The ones who did not admix gained them later as they radiated throughout the world via sexually selected sweeps. 

Do the Hadza remember this so perfectly from 150K ago when they invented the Bow and Arrow or brought it to Africa? or do they remember it from 35K ago, when they entered Sub-Sahara in flight from neanderthal hybrids and received the introgression? 
Or did both of their "giants" exist into historic times? We are not their "giants," as a neighboring tribe of more "Bantu" haplogroups is often in their legends helping them fight the "hairless giants" who are much taller. 

Or is this just a freaky coincidence that they tell it so perfectly? 


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